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Version: 1.x

StackNavigator reference

Provides a way for your app to transition between screens where each new screen is placed on top of a stack.

By default the StackNavigator is configured to have the familiar iOS and Android look & feel: new screens slide in from the right on iOS, fade in from the bottom on Android. On iOS the StackNavigator can also be configured to a modal style where screens slide in from the bottom.

API Definition

StackNavigator(RouteConfigs, StackNavigatorConfig);


The route configs object is a mapping from route name to a route config, which tells the navigator what to present for that route.

// For each screen that you can navigate to, create a new entry like this:
Profile: {
// `ProfileScreen` is a React component that will be the main content of the screen.
screen: ProfileScreen,
// When `ProfileScreen` is loaded by the StackNavigator, it will be given a `navigation` prop.

// Optional: When deep linking or using react-navigation in a web app, this path is used:
path: 'people/:name',
// The action and route params are extracted from the path.

// Optional: Override the `navigationOptions` for the screen
navigationOptions: ({ navigation }) => ({
title: `${}'s Profile'`,



Options for the router:

  • initialRouteName - Sets the default screen of the stack. Must match one of the keys in route configs.
  • initialRouteParams - The params for the initial route
  • navigationOptions - Default navigation options to use for screens
  • paths - A mapping of overrides for the paths set in the route configs

Visual options:

  • mode - Defines the style for rendering and transitions:
    • card - Use the standard iOS and Android screen transitions. This is the default.
    • modal - Make the screens slide in from the bottom which is a common iOS pattern. Only works on iOS, has no effect on Android.
  • headerMode - Specifies how the header should be rendered:
    • float - Render a single header that stays at the top and animates as screens are changed. This is a common pattern on iOS.
    • screen - Each screen has a header attached to it and the header fades in and out together with the screen. This is a common pattern on Android.
    • none - No header will be rendered.
  • headerTransitionPreset - Specifies how the header should transition from one screen to another when headerMode: float is enabled.
    • fade-in-place - Header components cross-fade without moving, similar to the Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook app for iOS. This is the default value.
    • uikit - An approximation of the default behavior for iOS.
  • cardStyle - Use this prop to override or extend the default style for an individual card in stack.
  • transitionConfig - Function to return an object that is merged with the default screen transitions (take a look at TransitionConfig in type definitions). Provided function will be passed the following arguments:
    • transitionProps - Transition props for the new screen.
    • prevTransitionProps - Transitions props for the old screen.
    • isModal - Boolean specifying if screen is modal.
  • onTransitionStart - Function to be invoked when the card transition animation is about to start.
  • onTransitionEnd - Function to be invoked once the card transition animation completes.


String that can be used as a fallback for headerTitle. Additionally, will be used as a fallback for tabBarLabel (if nested in a TabNavigator) or drawerLabel (if nested in a DrawerNavigator).

React Element or a function that given HeaderProps returns a React Element, to display as a header. Setting to null hides header.


String, React Element or React Component used by the header. Defaults to scene title. When a component is used, it receives allowFontScaling, style and children props. The title string is passed in children.


Whether header title font should scale to respect Text Size accessibility settings. Defaults to true.


The image source (either a remote URL {{uri: 'path/to/image'}} or a local file resource {require('path/to/image')}) used by the back button. Defaults to react-navigation/views/assets/back-icon.png, which is the default back icon image for the platform (a chevron on iOS and an arrow on Android).


Title string used by the back button on iOS, or null to disable label. Defaults to the previous scene's headerTitle.


Title string used by the back button when headerBackTitle doesn't fit on the screen. "Back" by default.


React Element to display on the right side of the header.


React Element or Component to display on the left side of the header. When a component is used, it receives a number of props when rendered (onPress, title, titleStyle and more - check Header.js for the complete list).


Style object for the header


Allows to pass forceInset object to internal SafeAreaView used in the header.


Style object for the title component


Style object for the back title


Tint color for the header


Color for material ripple (Android >= 5.0 only)


Defaults to false. If true, the header will not have a background unless you explicitly provide it with headerStyle or headerBackground.


Use this with headerTransparent to provide a component to render in the background of the header. You can use this with a blur view, for example, to create a translucent header.


Whether you can use gestures to dismiss this screen. Defaults to true on iOS, false on Android.


Object to override the distance of touch start from the edge of the screen to recognize gestures. It takes the following properties:

  • horizontal - number - Distance for horizontal direction. Defaults to 25.
  • vertical - number - Distance for vertical direction. Defaults to 135.


String to override the direction for dismiss gesture. default for normal behaviour or inverted for right-to-left swipes.

The navigator component created by StackNavigator(...) takes the following props:

  • screenProps - Pass down extra options to child screens, for example:
const SomeStack = StackNavigator({
// config

screenProps={/* this prop will get passed to the screen components as this.props.screenProps */}


See the examples SimpleStack.js and ModalStack.js which you can run locally as part of the NavigationPlayground app.

You can view these examples directly on your phone by visiting our expo demo.

const ModalNavigator = StackNavigator(
Main: { screen: Main },
Login: { screen: Login },
headerMode: 'none',
mode: 'modal',
navigationOptions: {
gesturesEnabled: false,
transitionConfig: () => ({
transitionSpec: {
duration: 300,
easing: Easing.out(Easing.poly(4)),
timing: Animated.timing,
screenInterpolator: (sceneProps) => {
const { layout, position, scene } = sceneProps;
const { index } = scene;

const height = layout.initHeight;
const translateY = position.interpolate({
inputRange: [index - 1, index, index + 1],
outputRange: [height, 0, 0],

const opacity = position.interpolate({
inputRange: [index - 1, index - 0.99, index],
outputRange: [0, 1, 1],

return { opacity, transform: [{ translateY }] };

Header transitions can also be configured using headerLeftInterpolator, headerTitleInterpolator and headerRightInterpolator fields under transitionConfig.

The navigator component created by StackNavigator(...) takes the following props:

  • screenProps - Pass down extra options to child screens and navigation options, for example:
const StackNav = StackNavigator({
// config

screenProps={/* this prop will get passed to the screen components as this.props.screenProps */}