Skip to main content
Version: 6.x

Drawer Navigator

Drawer Navigator renders a navigation drawer on the side of the screen which can be opened and closed via gestures.

This wraps react-native-drawer-layout. If you want to use the drawer without React Navigation integration, use the library directly instead.


To use this navigator, ensure that you have @react-navigation/native and its dependencies (follow this guide), then install @react-navigation/drawer:

npm install @react-navigation/drawer

Then, you need to install and configure the libraries that are required by the drawer navigator:

  1. First, install react-native-gesture-handler and react-native-reanimated.

    If you have a Expo managed project, in your project directory, run:

    npx expo install react-native-gesture-handler react-native-reanimated

    If you have a bare React Native project, in your project directory, run:

    npm install react-native-gesture-handler react-native-reanimated

    The Drawer supports both Reanimated 1 and the latest version of Reanimated. If you want to use the latest version of Reanimated, make sure to configure it following the installation guide.

  2. To finalize the installation of react-native-gesture-handler, we need to conditionally import it. To do this, create 2 files:

    // Only import react-native-gesture-handler on native platforms
    import 'react-native-gesture-handler';
    // Don't import react-native-gesture-handler on web

    Now, add the following at the top (make sure it's at the top and there's nothing else before it) of your entry file, such as index.js or App.js:

    import './gesture-handler';

    Since the drawer navigator doesn't use react-native-gesture-handler on the web, this avoids unnecessarily increasing the bundle size.


    If you are building for Android or iOS, do not skip this step, or your app may crash in production even if it works fine in development. This is not applicable to other platforms.

  3. If you're on a Mac and developing for iOS, you also need to install the pods (via Cocoapods) to complete the linking.

    npx pod-install ios

API Definition

To use this drawer navigator, import it from @react-navigation/drawer:

import { createDrawerNavigator } from '@react-navigation/drawer';

const Drawer = createDrawerNavigator();

function MyDrawer() {
return (
<Drawer.Screen name="Feed" component={Feed} />
<Drawer.Screen name="Article" component={Article} />

For a complete usage guide please visit Drawer Navigation.


The Drawer.Navigator component accepts following props:


Optional unique ID for the navigator. This can be used with navigation.getParent to refer to this navigator in a child navigator.


The name of the route to render on the first load of the navigator.


Default options to use for the screens in the navigator.


This controls what happens when goBack is called in the navigator. This includes pressing the device's back button or back gesture on Android.

It supports the following values:

  • firstRoute - return to the first screen defined in the navigator (default)
  • initialRoute - return to initial screen passed in initialRouteName prop, if not passed, defaults to the first screen
  • order - return to screen defined before the focused screen
  • history - return to last visited screen in the navigator; if the same screen is visited multiple times, the older entries are dropped from the history
  • none - do not handle back button


The default status of the drawer - whether the drawer should stay open or closed by default.

When this is set to open, the drawer will be open from the initial render. It can be closed normally using gestures or programmatically. However, when going back, the drawer will re-open if it was closed. This is essentially the opposite of the default behavior of the drawer where it starts closed, and the back button closes an open drawer.


Boolean used to indicate whether inactive screens should be detached from the view hierarchy to save memory. This enables integration with react-native-screens. Defaults to true.


Whether to use the legacy implementation based on Reanimated 1. The new implementation based on Reanimated 2 will perform better, but you need additional configuration and need to use Hermes with Flipper to debug.

This defaults to true in the following cases:

  • Reanimated 2 is not configured
  • App is connected to Chrome debugger (Reanimated 2 cannot be used with Chrome debugger)
  • App is running on Web

Otherwise, it defaults to false


Function that returns React element to render as the content of the drawer, for example, navigation items

The content component receives the following props by default:

  • state - The navigation state of the navigator.
  • navigation - The navigation object for the navigator.
  • descriptors - An descriptor object containing options for the drawer screens. The options can be accessed at descriptors[route.key].options.
Providing a custom drawerContent

The default component for the drawer is scrollable and only contains links for the routes in the RouteConfig. You can easily override the default component to add a header, footer, or other content to the drawer. The default content component is exported as DrawerContent. It renders a DrawerItemList component inside a ScrollView.

By default, the drawer is scrollable and supports devices with notches. If you customize the content, you can use DrawerContentScrollView to handle this automatically:

import {
} from '@react-navigation/drawer';

function CustomDrawerContent(props) {
return (
<DrawerContentScrollView {...props}>
<DrawerItemList {...props} />

To add additional items in the drawer, you can use the DrawerItem component:

function CustomDrawerContent(props) {
return (
<DrawerContentScrollView {...props}>
<DrawerItemList {...props} />
onPress={() => Linking.openURL('')}

The DrawerItem component accepts the following props:

  • label (required): The label text of the item. Can be string, or a function returning a react element. e.g. ({ focused, color }) => <Text style={{ color }}>{focused ? 'Focused text' : 'Unfocused text'}</Text>.
  • icon: Icon to display for the item. Accepts a function returning a react element. e.g. ({ focused, color, size }) => <Icon color={color} size={size} name={focused ? 'heart' : 'heart-outline'} />.
  • focused: Boolean indicating whether to highlight the drawer item as active.
  • onPress (required): Function to execute on press.
  • activeTintColor: Color for the icon and label when the item is active.
  • inactiveTintColor: Color for the icon and label when the item is inactive.
  • activeBackgroundColor: Background color for item when it's active.
  • inactiveBackgroundColor: Background color for item when it's inactive.
  • labelStyle: Style object for the label Text.
  • style: Style object for the wrapper View.

The progress object can be used to do interesting animations in your drawerContent, such as parallax motion of the drawer contents:

function CustomDrawerContent(props) {
const progress = useDrawerProgress();

// If you are on react-native-reanimated 1.x, use `Animated.interpolate` instead of `Animated.interpolateNode`
const translateX = Animated.interpolateNode(progress, {
inputRange: [0, 1],
outputRange: [-100, 0],

return (
<Animated.View style={{ transform: [{ translateX }] }}>
{/* ... drawer contents */}

The progress object is a Reanimated Node if you're using Reanimated 1 (see useLegacyImplementation), otherwise a SharedValue. It represents the animated position of the drawer (0 is closed; 1 is open).

Note that you cannot use the useNavigation hook inside the drawerContent since useNavigation is only available inside screens. You get a navigation prop for your drawerContent which you can use instead:

function CustomDrawerContent({ navigation }) {
return (
title="Go somewhere"
onPress={() => {
// Navigate using the `navigation` prop that you received

To use the custom component, we need to pass it in the drawerContent prop:

<Drawer.Navigator drawerContent={(props) => <CustomDrawerContent {...props} />}>
{/* screens */}


The following options can be used to configure the screens in the navigator. These can be specified under screenOptions prop of Drawer.navigator or options prop of Drawer.Screen.


A generic title that can be used as a fallback for headerTitle and drawerLabel.


Whether this screen should render the first time it's accessed. Defaults to true. Set it to false if you want to render the screen on initial render.


String or a function that given { focused: boolean, color: string } returns a React.Node, to display in drawer sidebar. When undefined, scene title is used.


Function, that given { focused: boolean, color: string, size: number } returns a React.Node to display in drawer sidebar.


Color for the icon and label in the active item in the drawer.


Background color for the active item in the drawer.


Color for the icon and label in the inactive items in the drawer.


Background color for the inactive items in the drawer.


Style object for the single item, which can contain an icon and/or a label.


Style object to apply to the Text style inside content section which renders a label.


Style object for the content section inside the ScrollView.


Style object for the wrapper view.


Style object for the drawer component. You can pass a custom background color for a drawer or a custom width here.

drawerStyle: {
backgroundColor: '#c6cbef',
width: 240,
{/* screens */}


Options are left or right. Defaults to left for LTR languages and right for RTL languages.


Type of the drawer. It determines how the drawer looks and animates.

  • front: Traditional drawer which covers the screen with an overlay behind it.
  • back: The drawer is revealed behind the screen on swipe.
  • slide: Both the screen and the drawer slide on swipe to reveal the drawer.
  • permanent: A permanent drawer is shown as a sidebar. Useful for having always visible drawer on larger screens.

Defaults to slide on iOS and front on other platforms.

You can conditionally specify the drawerType to show a permanent drawer on bigger screens and a traditional drawer drawer on small screens:

import { useWindowDimensions } from 'react-native';
import { createDrawerNavigator } from '@react-navigation/drawer';

const Drawer = createDrawerNavigator();

function MyDrawer() {
const dimensions = useWindowDimensions();

return (
drawerType: dimensions.width >= 768 ? 'permanent' : 'front',
{/* Screens */}

You can also specify other props such as drawerStyle based on screen size to customize the behavior. For example, you can combine it with defaultStatus="open" to achieve a master-detail layout:

import { useWindowDimensions } from 'react-native';
import { createDrawerNavigator } from '@react-navigation/drawer';

const Drawer = createDrawerNavigator();

function MyDrawer() {
const dimensions = useWindowDimensions();

const isLargeScreen = dimensions.width >= 768;

return (
drawerType: isLargeScreen ? 'permanent' : 'back',
drawerStyle: isLargeScreen ? null : { width: '100%' },
overlayColor: 'transparent',
{/* Screens */}


When set to true, Drawer will hide the OS status bar whenever the drawer is pulled or when it's in an "open" state.


Animation of the statusbar when hiding it. use in combination with hideStatusBar.

Supported values:

  • slide
  • fade
  • none

This is only supported on iOS. Defaults to slide.


Color overlay to be displayed on top of the content view when drawer gets open. The opacity is animated from 0 to 1 when the drawer opens.


Style object for the component wrapping the screen content.


Props to pass to the underlying pan gesture handler.

This is not supported on Web.


Whether you can use swipe gestures to open or close the drawer. Defaults to true.

Swipe gesture is not supported on Web.


Allows for defining how far from the edge of the content view the swipe gesture should activate.

This is not supported on Web.


Minimum swipe distance threshold that should activate opening the drawer.


Whether the keyboard should be dismissed when the swipe gesture begins. Defaults to 'on-drag'. Set to 'none' to disable keyboard handling.


Whether this screen should be unmounted when navigating away from it. Unmounting a screen resets any local state in the screen as well as state of nested navigators in the screen. Defaults to false.

Normally, we don't recommend enabling this prop as users don't expect their navigation history to be lost when switching screens. If you enable this prop, please consider if this will actually provide a better experience for the user.


Boolean indicating whether to prevent inactive screens from re-rendering. Defaults to false. Defaults to true when enableFreeze() from react-native-screens package is run at the top of the application.

Requires react-native-screens version >=3.16.0.

Only supported on iOS and Android.

You can find the list of header related options here. These options can be specified under screenOptions prop of Drawer.navigator or options prop of Drawer.Screen. You don't have to be using @react-navigation/elements directly to use these options, they are just documented in that page.

In addition to those, the following options are also supported in drawer:

Custom header to use instead of the default header.

This accepts a function that returns a React Element to display as a header. The function receives an object containing the following properties as the argument:

  • navigation - The navigation object for the current screen.
  • route - The route object for the current screen.
  • options - The options for the current screen
  • layout - Dimensions of the screen, contains height and width properties.


import { getHeaderTitle } from '@react-navigation/elements';

// ..

header: ({ navigation, route, options }) => {
const title = getHeaderTitle(options,;

return <MyHeader title={title} style={options.headerStyle} />;

To set a custom header for all the screens in the navigator, you can specify this option in the screenOptions prop of the navigator.

Specify a height in headerStyle

If your custom header's height differs from the default header height, then you might notice glitches due to measurement being async. Explicitly specifying the height will avoid such glitches.


headerStyle: {
height: 80, // Specify the height of your custom header

Note that this style is not applied to the header by default since you control the styling of your custom header. If you also want to apply this style to your header, use options.headerStyle from the props.


Whether to show or hide the header for the screen. The header is shown by default. Setting this to false hides the header.


The navigator can emit events on certain actions. Supported events are:


This event is fired when the user presses the button for the screen in the drawer. By default a drawer item press does several things:

  • If the screen is not focused, drawer item press will focus that screen
  • If the screen is already focused, then it'll close the drawer

To prevent the default behavior, you can call event.preventDefault:

React.useEffect(() => {
const unsubscribe = navigation.addListener('drawerItemPress', (e) => {
// Prevent default behavior

// Do something manually
// ...

return unsubscribe;
}, [navigation]);

If you have custom drawer content, make sure to emit this event.


The drawer navigator adds the following methods to the navigation prop:


Opens the drawer pane.



Closes the drawer pane.



Opens the drawer pane if closed, closes the drawer pane if opened.



Navigates to an existing screen in the drawer navigator. The method accepts the following arguments:

  • name - string - Name of the route to jump to.
  • params - object - Screen params to pass to the destination route.
navigation.jumpTo('Profile', { owner: 'Satya' });


import { createDrawerNavigator } from '@react-navigation/drawer';

const Drawer = createDrawerNavigator();

function MyDrawer() {
return (
<Drawer.Navigator initialRouteName="Feed">
options={{ drawerLabel: 'Home' }}
options={{ drawerLabel: 'Updates' }}
options={{ drawerLabel: 'Profile' }}

Checking if the drawer is open

You can check if the drawer is open by using the useDrawerStatus hook.

import { useDrawerStatus } from '@react-navigation/drawer';

// ...

const isDrawerOpen = useDrawerStatus() === 'open';

If you can't use the hook, you can also use the getDrawerStatusFromState helper:

import { getDrawerStatusFromState } from '@react-navigation/drawer';

// ...

const isDrawerOpen = getDrawerStatusFromState(navigation.getState()) === 'open';

For class components, you can listen to the state event to check if drawer was opened or closed:

class Profile extends React.Component {
componentDidMount() {
this._unsubscribe = navigation.addListener('state', () => {
const isDrawerOpen =
getDrawerStatusFromState(navigation.getState()) === 'open';

// do something

componentWillUnmount() {

render() {
// Content of the component

Nesting drawer navigators inside others

If a drawer navigator is nested inside of another navigator that provides some UI, for example, a tab navigator or stack navigator, then the drawer will be rendered below the UI from those navigators. The drawer will appear below the tab bar and below the header of the stack. You will need to make the drawer navigator the parent of any navigator where the drawer should be rendered on top of its UI.